North Korea criticised rival South Korea for removing a law that banned private activists from sending anti-Pyongyang propaganda leaflets to the North, insisting that such activities amount to psychological warfare and threatening to respond with a “shower of shells.”
The statement published by North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency on Wednesday was the first time state media commented on the September decision by South Korea’s Constitutional Court to invalidate a 2020 law that criminalised leafleting.
The decision was based on concerns that it excessively restricted free speech. The ruling came in response to a complaint filed by North Korean defector activists in the South.
They included Park Sang-hak, who has been a frequent target of the North Korean government's anger for his yearslong campaign of flying leaflets across the border with giant balloons.
Park and other defectors from the North for years have used huge helium-filled balloons to launch leaflets criticising Kim’s leadership, his nuclear weapons ambitions and the country’s dismal human rights record.
The leaflets are often packaged with US dollar bills and USB sticks containing information about world news. North Korea is extremely sensitive about any outside attempt to undermine the leadership of authoritarian ruler Kim Jong Un as he maintains tight control over the country’s 26 million people while severely restricting their access to foreign news.
'Shower of shells'
The law, crafted by the previous liberal government in Seoul that pursued inter-Korean engagement, was passed six months after the North expressed its frustration over the leaflets by blowing up an inter-Korean liaison office in the North Korean border town of Kaesong in June 2020.
Tensions between the Koreas are at their highest point in years as the pace of both Kim’s weapons tests and South Korea’s combined military exercises with the United States have intensified in a tit-for-tat cycle.
In comments attributed to a political commentator, KCNA warned that the North would consider leafleting “high-level psychological warfare” and even a “preemptive attack conducted before a start of war.”
“Under the present situation where a spark may lead to an explosion, there is no guarantee that such military conflicts as in Europe and the Middle East would not break out on the Korean Peninsula,” KCNA said, apparently referring to Russia’s war on Ukraine and the Israeli attacks on Gaza.
The agency claimed that future leafleting campaigns could trigger an unprecedented response from North Korea’s military, which stands ready to “pour a shower of shells” toward the sites where the leaflets are launched, as well as the “bulwark of the region of (South) Korean puppets.”
While North Korea often makes bizarre threats that aren’t carried out, the comments still reflected the animosity between the rival Koreas amid a prolonged freeze in diplomacy.